Projects in Each Empowerment and Accountability Area

DFID’s theory of change for citizen empowerment and greater accountability of government and public bodies converges around three overlapping areas of:

  Social accountability through increased engagement between users of public services and service providers.

–  Political accountability through citizen involvement in political processes and policy cycles.

–  Economic empowerment through lowering barriers, which prevent people from accessing markets and jobs.

Projects promoting social or political accountability, or both forms of accountability, clearly dominate DFID’s Empowerment and Accountability portfolio, comprising a total of 81% of projects in the evaluation period. DFID has supported over 210 projects which either entirely focus on or have a component focusing on political accountability. In the same period, DFID has also supported 157 projects which either entirely focus on or have a component focusing on social accountability.

In comparison, efforts to support economic empowerment are more modest at a total of 69 projects, or 19% of the portfolio, 13% of which focus exclusively on economic empowerment (rather than this area plus another pillar).

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