Evaluation of Peace and Development in Finland’s Development Cooperation

Itad conducted an evaluation of Finland’s global support to peace and development. This report synthesises the findings from four case studies (Afghanistan, Ethiopia, Palestinian Territories and Western Balkans) with the purpose of drawing lessons on how Finnish development cooperation supports peace and development in fragile states, and making recommendations to support the implementation of the new Fragile States Guidelines published by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland in 2014.

The evaluation found that Finland has been strong on coordination and predictability of funding, with an appropriate mix of multilateral pooled funding, and the pursuit of advocacy around key issues such as gender and human rights. This has not been backed by clearly outlined country strategies with measurable outcomes and the result has sometimes been an overambitious and fragmented portfolio. In Ethiopia, impact has been achieved through longer-term involvement in specific sectors, but elsewhere greater investment in economic programmes and capacity development of civil society institutions is needed. The liberal statebuilding model in Afghanistan, and to a lesser extent in the Palestinian Territories, is problematic, but project-specific interventions here and in Western Balkans show positive results. Staff numbers and continuity need improving in fragile states and a strategy for remote management in deteriorating security environments is needed.

The findings of the synthesis and country case study reports were presented in Helsinki in August 2014. Country case study reports were published as annexes to the synthesis report, except for the Western Balkans which was published as a stand-alone document.

Authors: Jon Bennett and David Fleming