Oceans and Fisheries Synthesis Review

2013; United States; Rockefeller Foundation

As part of its new model of operation The Rockefeller Foundation is undertaking synthesis reviews to strengthen the Foundation’s knowledge and evidence base of what works and what does not work in key areas of interest to the Foundation.

The primary purpose of synthesis reviews is to enable Foundation Initiative teams and their grantees to build on what is known, avoid the pitfalls of others, and add value to the area of endeavour by not duplicating efforts. The Foundation’s Oceans and Fisheries initiative aims to determine effective ways to integrate natural ecosystems into our economic and social systems. Research undertaken by the Foundation shows that oceans are in a state of crisis, due in large part to the rampant overfishing that has occurred for several decades. Millions of people, particularly the poor and vulnerable, depend on the productivity of marine resources for their food security and livelihoods, and are seeing these eroded because of declining ocean health.

The objective of the Review is to undertake a rapid review of key formal and informal knowledge sources that identifies factors influencing the success and failure of ecosystem-based community management (ECM). The approach takes into consideration current and past field experiences, key research areas and development institution funding strategies. The Review not only brings together current knowledge on ECM and the factors that drive success and failure, it also identifies who is involved, where and under what conditions. Particular attention is paid to scale, impact and influence of different approaches and interventions. These are mapped to show linkages and relationships. The team will implement its formal and informal knowledge search strategies, maps initiatives, programmes, institutions and people. Broad findings will be agreed before the team follows up with key informants and produces a final report and summary.

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